History of the Queen Balqees
Balqees Bint Alhdhad bin Sharhabil lived in the City of Sheba and today was known as the City of Marib. She transformed the Kingdom with Courage, Wisdom, and Measure. She restructured the famous Marib Dam, to bring water descending from the East of Sana'a. Had her Palace be designed with three hundred and sixty-windows in such a manner that the sunlight shines everyday from every window throughout the year and called it ‘Palace of Balqees’, which still has repercussions till date. During her reign, she managed to stabilize the Kingdom’s Wealth, Trade & Agriculture, which led the country into prosperity.
The historical legend where Queen Balqees met Prophet Solomon is the main contributing factor that changed the course of her life and her people.
The Holy Quran and the Holy Bible, are the main sources for the story of the Queen Balqees meeting with Prophet Solomon. The Holy Bible brands Balqees as ‘The Queen of Sheba’; ‘Queen named after’ or ‘Queen of the South’, where it further says that the Queen of Sheba visited King Solomon and offered him expensive gifts, as also being reflected in the Holy Quran.
How it all started, the secret on how Prophet Solomon’s battle experience impressed The Queen of Sheba, and other amazing facts, here unfolds…
Balqees, the Queen
One day, as Prophet Solomon usually sits on his Throne, (novels describes it as: Chair of Gold, designed elaborately with Lions and gold background with a peacock spreading its wings majestically in scarlet, while behind, a gold palm tree with clusters of Rubies) Prophet Solomon stares out in the sky and noticed that something is out of ordinary. The sun shines thru a space where a Hoopoe bird should be in its particular place and from there He had known that one of the birds is missing. This event appears as a mystery to Prophet Solomon and guaranteed to kill the bird because of its absence and said;
The Hoopoe replied;
The Hoopoe explained to Prophet Solomon what he saw. He mentioned that there is a woman called The Queen of Sheba in the land of Yemen who is beautiful, very wealthy, powerful, has strong influence over her people, owns a Great Throne and worships the Sun.
Prophet Solomon listened to his words and accepted the Hoopoe’s apology under a condition that the he must go to the Queen of Sheba and take with him a letter written by Prophet Solomon, and deliver it to Balqees. The letter is an invitation to Monotheism, to enter the religion of God.Solomon said :
"We shall see whether you speak the truth or you are (one) of the liars (27) "Go with this letter of mine, and deliver it to them, then draw back from them, and see what (answer) they return."
Hoopoe carried the letter as commanded and flew its way passing distances between Jerusalem, Palestine and Sheba. He gave the letter to Balqees that fell on her hands, frightened as it was written by the name of God, the Merciful.
She immediately arranged messengers to send a Great Jewel. She requested to deliver a message to Prophet Solomon as: ‘Say to him: The Queen will let you know how to pierce this Great Jewel.’
As powerful as Prophet Solomon was, a thread emerged from his mouth and pierced it on the Great Jewel and pulled it from the other side.
Prophet Solomon said;Verse:
"Will you help me in wealth? What Allâh ( God ) has given me is better than that which He has given you! Nay, you rejoice in your gift!" (36)
[Then Prophet Solomon) addressed the chief of her messengers who brought the present:
The Chief messenger warned Queen Balqees of Prophet Solomon’s irresistible power and warned her to surrender.
She thought long before she made the decision to visit the Prophet and wrote: ‘I am coming to you with King’s Dress; and see everything that invites me to the religion. I am to ask several questions to test your Prophethood and Wisdom’
Loaded with gifts, she entered Jerusalem with camels carrying special gum, perfumes, gold and precious stones.God informed Solomon about Balqees’ arrival, to the jinn and devils: He said:
"O chiefs! Which of you can bring me her throne before they come to me surrendering themselves on obedience?”(38) An Ifrît (strong one) from the jinn said: "I will bring it to you before you rise from your place (council). And verily, I am indeed strong, and trustworthy for such work." (39)
Solomon said: ‘I want faster than that.’ Asif'm Berechiah, the one with the knowledge of the Scripture said: "I will bring it to you within the twinkling of an eye!", And so, Balqees Throne emerges with a blink.
Solomon said: "Disguise her throne for her that we may see whether she will be guided to recognize her throne”
She was impressed on everything she saw when she entered the palace. She wondered what made the jinn to be of service for him. His palace was built using the very best in that era.
Then Solomon ordered to arrange for Balqees a home in which the floor was made of crystal, and place it on top the water, and then said to her:
Inspite of being from a land of sun worshippers, the Queen of Sheba was quite affected by the genuine manner of Prophet Solomon’s letter, his rational style, power and most impressive palace. All of this made her to believe and become a Muslim.
A union took place between Prophet Solomon and Queen Balqees that bring them a son.